Skin Cancer Specialist

Naficy Plastic Surgery & Rejuvenation Center
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Skin Cancer Basics

A brief overview.

Skin Anatomy

Human skin is made up of 3 main layers, epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layer. Within these layers of skin exist many types of cells and structures, each playing a vital role in the complex physiology of skin. Some of the vital functions of skin include . . . . read more.


Basal cell carcinoma (or cancer) is by far the most common type of skin cancer. Basal cell cancer develops in the basal cell layer (hence the name) and can be very destructive and disfiguring. Basal cell cancer occurs mainly on hair-bearing and sun exposed skin areas. Approximately 800,000 cases of basal cell carcinoma are diagnosed each year in the United States alone. The lifetime risk of developing a basal cell cancer is estimated to be 28% to 33% . . . . read more.

Basal cell carcinoma


Squamous cell carcinoma (or cancer) is the second most common type of skin cancer (second to basal cell carcinoma). Squamous cell cancers typically appear on sun-exposed surfaces such as the scalp, face, ears, hands, and arms. Squamous cell cancer can present in a number of different ways including as a firm raised lump, a thick scab that covers a raw and friable (easily bleeding) sore, as a firm growth under the skin, or as a thick and pointy horn . . . . read more.

Squamous cell carcinoma


Melanoma derives its name from the pigment cells in the skin called melanocytes. Melanoma is a malignant skin cancer that typically presents as a spot with irregular borders and colors of tan, blue, black, red or white. It usually starts small and changes over a time. Approximately 95% of melanomas originate from pre-existing moles. Melanoma is one of the most serious types of skin cancer. In the United States, an estimated 62,000 new cases of melanoma will be diagnosed during the year 2006. An estimated 7,910 people will die from this disease in 2006 . . . . read more.



Actinic keratosis is composed of sun-damaged cells in the top layer of the skin (epidermis). Actinic keratoses (plural) usually develop in skin areas that are chronically exposed to sun such as face, scalp, ears, arms, and hands. They appear as red, scaly areas that feel rough to the touch. If an actinic keratosis is not discovered and properly treated in time it has the potential of developing into a squamous cell carcinoma. . . . . read more.

Multiple actinic keratoses involving the face

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